To facilitate the guests who wants to visit famous forts & palaces in desert state of Rajasthan, the Indian Railways in collaboration with Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation, launched a train tour using private saloon carriage of former Maharajas, Nizams and British Viceroy, in 1984. A bygone era was recreated, for perhaps first time in India, where the concept of butler service on a commercial Tour was introduced with fixed day group excursions. This train tour was called Palace On Wheels, which is soon rated amongst the top ten journeys in the world. However, these carriages had to be replaced by A/C saloons, running on metre gauge tracks and the original saloons that were formally used are preserved at the Rail Museum, New Delhi. The present Air conditioned Carriages of Palace on Wheels train running on broad gauge tracks were introduced in 1996 and each saloon is named after a former royal province of the State of Rajasthan, bearing the royal crest on the outside with the interior work related to that particular region.

Since then, number of other luxury trains have been introduced in India and From Oct 2012 there will be Five Maharaja Type Luxury Trains, operating on twelve different tour circuits across the country, which includes, Maharajas Express, Palace On Wheels, The Indian Maharaja Deccan Odyssey, Golden Chariot and Royal Rajasthan on Wheels. But with The Maharaja Express proving to be the most exclusive & sought after train in recent time attracting tourists from all parts of the world.